Archived t the Wayback Machine May, John. 2011 Roman Catholic Womenpriests-USA, Inc. 216 In the past some of the rites used by the Eastern Catholic Churches were subject to a degree of liturgical Latinisation. Archived from the original on 21 February 2008. (As modified by the 2009 motu proprio Archived t the Wayback Machine Omnium in mentem ) " CCC, 1536". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 343 The Italian unification of the 1860s incorporated the Papal
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States, including Rome itself from 1870, into the Kingdom of Italy, thus ending the papacy's millennial temporal power.
Retrieved "Cyril of Jerusalem, Lecture xviii, 26". Holy See, papacy, Roman Curia, and College of Cardinals Main articles: Holy See, Pope, Roman Curia, and College of Cardinals Further information: List of popes The hierarchy of the Catholic Church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope ( Latin. 233 a b Duffy, Saints and Sinners (1997. The empire encouraged the spread of a common culture with Greek roots, which allowed ideas to be more easily expressed and understood. Annuario Pontifico per l'anno 2010 ( Città di Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2010) Barry,. Retrieved Note: The pope's signature appears in the Latin version. 72 As of 2016, there are 221,700 parishes worldwide. Vatican, Annuario Pontificio 2009,. These churches are communities of Catholic Christians whose forms of worship reflect distinct historical and cultural influences rather than differences in doctrine. 283 On this basis, Oscar Cullmann, 284 Henry Chadwick, 285 and Bart.